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NAS How To

Ubuntu 6.06 Desktop

I don't know much about Ubuntu 6.06, just that it is great! I've been most impressed by its ease of installation and updaing. For the constellation of hardware that I work with, Ubuntu beats Suse, Gentoo, ClarkConnect, and Linspire 5. Ubuntu has been able to install flawlessly on esoteric laptops (Averatec 1050EB1), rare-in-the-x86-world-monitors (Apple 23" Cinema Display), as well as all the video cards, motherboards, and Ethernet adapters in my inventory. Having worked at a large electronics company on installers, I take my hat off to the Ubuntu installer team (wiki, launchpad page). These three (!) people have obviously spared no trouble to try their product on every piece of hardware available.

The more I use Ubuntu, the more I find myself gossiping about it as a great operating system. (Francis Crick in his book What Mad Pursuit used the idea of listening to yourself gossiping as a way to determine what you want to do with your life.) I'd better be careful, because I find myself fantasizing about getting rid of all my Windows computers and jumping to something like Ubuntu. Well, maybe someday.

Because the Ubuntu installer does such a great job, the "tips" are going to be much shorter. To install and configure Ubuntu Desktop:

Step 1: Point your web browser to http://www.ubuntu.com then click on desktop Download, click on your country, then click on the version of Ubuntu 6.06 for your platform.

Step 2: After the ISO image is completely downloaded, burn the ISO image to CDR (see the instructions on burning ISO CDs if you need to).

Step 3: Boot your desktop PC from Ubuntu 6.06 ISO image.

Step 4: When your machine finishes loading the graphical user interface, look in the upper left hand corner for the disk icon with an orange triangle (Ubuntu logo) and an arrow that says Install. Double click on that icon and follow the screen prompts to install Ubuntu 6.06. You have to specify Language (English for me), Location(Boise, ID), Keyboard Layout (American English), Full Name, Log-In Name, Password, veto or don't the Name of Computer computed for you. Next erase entire disk or partition. Confirm installation settings before the installer starts. Get back to work while the Ubuntu installer completes.

Write down your user name and password on a note. You will need them to get back into the system at the end of the install. I'm not doing screen shots or step-by-step instructions for this part of the installation. It is smooth. You will be fine. Trust me. 31 minutes end-to-end. Or, if you have a problem, complain on the Forumz and I'll see what I can do to step you through any roadblocks that pop up. 

Step 5: Once you've got Ubuntu 6.06 Desktop installed, reboot, then log in. Now you are at the desktop, we can install Samba and get your share up. Warning, for the Linux queasy, we'll have to use the terminal window to do this. Not pretty, but it won't last too long.

Step 6: Click on the "Applications" menu in the upper left hand corner, then hold the mouse over "Accessories" so that the sub-menu pops up. Then, move your mouse over "Terminal" and hold down the left mouse button. Keep your finger on the left mouse button and then drag the terminal icon to the top menu bar of the screen. It may take you a couple tries, but once you've got the terminal at the top of the screen, you can easly jump back and forth between the graphical user interface and the Linux Ferrari under the hood.

Step 7: Open the terminal window. Type sudoapt-get install samba and Ubuntu will prompt you for password. Give it your default password. Next the terminal will prompt you to ask permission to copy the Samba files to your hard drive. Type Y and then hit the Enter key. After the action stops you should see * Starting Samba Demons on its own line. Then type sudoapt-get install smbfs. This should get Samba installed on your UNAS (Ubutnu Network Attached Storage).&

Step 8: Next we need to create the first share. To do this, we will use the Ubuntu GUI and the mouse. Click on the minimize button (left side of the upper right corner) of the Terminal window.

  • Click on the System menu at the top of the screen to the left of the globe icon.
  • Select Administration which is second from the top.
  • Click on Shared Folders which is about half the way down the menu.
  • First you will be asked for your administrative password. Enter it. The Shared Folders Settings dialog will open up
    Now click the +Add button on the Shared Folders Settings dialog.
  • A Share folder dialog pops up. Type the name of the share you want to create next to the "Name"field. I named mine sharetest. Check Allow browsing folder. Then, click on the General Windows Sharing button.
  • A dialog named Windows sharing settings will open. In this window set your domain/workgroup (the default is MSHOME) to whatever your workgroup is. I set my workgroup to WORKGROUP. Then click OK.

    What these steps have done is to create a network share in my /home/bill Linux directory. The network name for the share is test in Samba (or MS Windows Networking).

Step 9: Open the terminal window (click on it on the bottom task bar) and go to your home directory by typing cd /home. Next type chmod 0777 bill where bill = your login name in Ubuntu.

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