Firmware version DSM 6.1.3-15152 was loaded onto the DS1817 and performance tests were run using the Revision 5 NAS test process. All tests were run using Western Digital Red 1 TB (WD10EFRX) (x4 SNB supplied).
Synology shipped the NAS with eight 8TB Seagate IronWolf NAS drives (ST8000VN0022). For consistency with other tested NASes, we removed those drives and replaced them with our standard four WD Red 1 TB (WD10EFRX) drives. However, as the Synology DSM 6.1 data sheet indicates, the DSM Storage Manager now supports Seagate's IronWolf Health Management. The data sheet says, "Storage Manager is now integrated with Seagate’s IronWolf Health Management, providing live drive health monitoring and suggested actions. The Iron Health Management aims to minimize the impact of drive health and reduce the probability of catastrophic data loss due to extreme operational and environmental factors."
Other testing notes:
- The DS1517+ was shipped with a dual-port Mellanox 10 GbE SPF+ card. We ran the 10 GbE Performance tests using a 10Gtek x520DAI SFP+ card with Intel 184.108.40.20601 driver.
- The DS1817 has dual copper 10 GbE ports built in. Our NAS Testbed used an Intel x540-T2 card with Intel 220.127.116.1101.
- The DS1517+ volumes were built using its default BTRFS file system. The DS1817 does not support BTRFS, so the default EXT4 file system was used.
- Backup has been removed from the base OS. Hyper Backup was installed from the package center was used for the network (rsync) and attached backup tests. The Local Data Copy option, not the "local shared folder & External Storage" was used.
The primary focus of the performance commentary is the 10 GbE performance of the DS1817 vs. DS1517+. Both quad-core NASes used in this comparison are able to easily saturate a single Gigabit Ethernet client connection with File Copy Read and Write tests results between 109 and 110 MB/s.
Performance - 10 GbE
To get a feel for how the eight 10 GbE products in our charts performed, I created a chart for 10 GbE RAID 5 File Copy Write and 10 GbE RAID 5 File Copy read. For RAID 5 File Copy Write, the DS1517+ (374.2 MB/s) edged out the DS1817 (363.1 MB/s) As we've seen in other 10 GbE reviews, for RAID 5 File Copy Read, the QNAP TS-563-8G outperformed (875.0 MB/s) all other NASes by a significant amount including the DS1517+ (665.0 MB/s) and the DS1817 (401.5 MB/s).
10 GbE RAID 5 File Copy Write and File Copy Read comparisons
The benchmark summary composite chart below shows only the 10 GbE test results run using a single 10 GbE client. Complete results, including the Gigabit Ethernet are here for the DS1817 and here for the DS1517+ results.
The DS1517+ outperformed the DS1817 for all RAID levels for both File Copy Write and File Copy Read performance. File Copy Read performance on the DS1517+ was consistent at all RAID levels at ~ 662MB/s and significantly outperformed the DS1817. Looking through the individual results, there were only a couple of instances there the DS1817 outperformed the DS1517+.
Benchmark Summary Comparison - 10 GbE
10 GbE-capable NASes are now a part of their own class, so the products do not also appear in the RAID5 class for ranking with Gigabit Ethernet-only NASes.
The Total NAS ranking takes into consideration both performance on Gigabit Ethernet as well as 10 GbE. In addition, the charts now show a 10 GbE Total NAS ranking, which takes into account only 10 GbE performance tests. As always, the full results of all tests for each product are available in the benchmark summary for each product.
Since there are only ten NASes that have been tested with 10 GbE, I decided to leave the results sorted by Rank. The NAS Ranker shows the Synology DS1517+ still retains the #1 ranking. The DS1817 moves into the #5 rank, ahead of both recently tested QNAP 10 GbE-equipped NASes (TS-431X and TS-453B).
Ranker Performance comparison - 10 GbE
Turning to the Ranker Performance Summary, you'll find plenty of data in the composite chart below. Looking first at the Gigabit Ethernet results near the top of the chart, the Synology DS1517+ outperformed the DS1817 in every category.
Likewise, for the 10 GbE category rankings, the Synology DS1517+ had wins for every category.
Ranker Performance Comparison - 10 GbE
The DS1817 was up against some very tough competition when it took on the #1 rated 10 GbE NAS. The DS1517+ offers outstanding performance in every category. But the DS1817 is aimed more at the value market than the premium market. For that, it fills the bill nicely.
It offers two built-in 10GbE ports and 8 bays for storage, providing capacity for up to a whopping 80 TB (raw) of storage for $850 (disks not included). It can deliver a lot of storage with 10 GbE support for a good price, making it a good value. And, if you need even more capacity, you can expand the DS1817 with two additional 5-bay expansion units for a total of 18 bays and 180 TB.
The DS1517+ is clearly the better performing NAS, but costs ~$1050 equipped with the optional Mellanox 10 GbE SFP+ card, for only five bays. The DS1817+ with Mellanox card is the DS1817's more powerful equivalent and will run you about $150 more than the DS1517+ and $350 more than the DS1817 ($1200 vs. $850).
Some other factors might weigh in on your purchasing decision. If you plan to use your NAS as a MailPlus server, you'll have to purchase a NAS from the "+" series like the DS1517+. Likewise, if you want the volume snapshot protection offered by the BTRFS file system, the DS1817 won't do the job for you. Neither email nor BTRFS is supported by the DS1817.
But if you want a lot of capacity, 10 GbE connectivity with a hardware platform fast enough to take advantage of it at a reasonable price, then the DS1817 sits in a pretty sweet spot.