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Wireless Reviews

{mospagebreak toctitle= Introduction, Inside}
Dual-band Wireless-AC1900 Gigabit Router
At a glance
ProductASUS Dual-band Wireless-AC1900 Gigabit Router (RT-AC68P)   [Website]
SummaryV2 revision of Broadcom-based AC1900 router with a faster processor and improved storage throughput.
Pros• Supports router, AP, media bridge and WDS bridging/repeating
• Dual WAN option
• Faster USB 3.0 storage performance than the 68U
Cons• Available only from Best Buy
• Pricey for an AC1900 router

Typical Price: $200

Introduction

You may have noticed the trend of "exclusives" for networking products, where products are available only from one or a handful of retailers. Best Buy has taken this one better with the RT-AC68P Dual-band Wireless-AC1900 Gigabit Router, which is permanently available only from them, with the same $200 price tag commanded by its available-everywhere RT-AC68U.

The 68P is actually the RT-AC68V2, according to its FCC ID designation, and uses a different board with a few new components that I'll detail shortly. The callout diagram from its Quick Start guide shows that ports, lights and switches are the same as the 68U.

ASUS RT-AC68P callouts

ASUS RT-AC68P callouts

All features and functions of the 68P are the same as the 68U and, as such, it can be loaded with alternative firmware such as RMerlin's perennial favorite, Asuswrt-Merlin.

Inside

The real story of the 68P is its hardware design tweaks. ASUS asked the FCC to withhold internal pictures until next month (February 2015), so I opened up the review sample I purchased from Best Buy.

ASUS RT-AC68P board top without heatsinks

ASUS RT-AC68P board top without heatsinks

The view above, with heatsinks and RF can tops removed, is very similar to the photo below from the 68U's review. Note the addition of tape to ensure that the antenna cable doesn't get pinched, as it did in my 68U review sample. Also note the 68P's metal shield around the USB connectors, compared to nothing around the 68U's connectors.

ASUS RT-AC68U board top

ASUS RT-AC68U board top

Key components are summarized in Table 1 for both the 68P and 68U. Thanks to WikiDevi, I was able to identify the 2.4 GHz power amplifiers in both versions. The info below verifies information previously shared in this forum thread.

ASUS RT-AC68P ASUS RT-AC68U
CPU Broadcom BCM4709 Broadcom BCM4708A
Switch In BCM4709 In BCM4708A
RAM 256 MB 256 MB
Flash 128 MB 128 MB
2.4 GHz Radio - Broadcom BCM4360
- Richwave RTC6649E 2.4 GHz power amp (x3)
- Broadcom BCM4360
- Richwave RTC6649E 2.4 GHz power amp (x3)
5 GHz radio - Broadcom BCM4360
- SiGE 5003L1 5 GHz Power Amp (x3)
- Broadcom BCM4360
- SiGE 5023L 5 GHz Power Amp (x3)
Table 1: Component summary

The main differences are the upgraded processor (BCM4709) and different 5 GHz power amplifier. Output power is spec'd differently for the two devices, but there doesn't appear to be an appreciable difference.

The gallery below contains more photos of both the 68U and 68P boards with commentary.

Digging through the FCC ID filings turned up a Class II permissive change filed at the very end of 2014. Among the modifications the letter describes is changing the radio SoC from BCM4360 to BCM43602. The new chip is used in Broadcom-based AC3200 class routers like NETGEAR's R8000. It takes the BCM4360 3x3 802.11ac MAC/PHY and adds a local processor and 960 KB of SRAM to make a complete standalone radio.

The new device can't change any RF characteristics, but it will completely offload 802.11 packet processing from the main CPU. This could boost storage performance. I didn't expect my review sample had the BCM43602 and visual inspection confirmed this. I've asked ASUS when this change will be rolled into the 68P and will update when I hear back.


Features

As noted earlier, the RT-AC68P is functionally equivalent to the AC68U. So, all the goodies like Quick Internet Setup (QIS), Bandwidth Monitor, Adaptive QoS, AiProtection and AiCloud are there.

IPV6 is also supported for both WAN connection and firewall. VPN support is flexible with both PPTP and OpenVPN servers. And dual WAN support is included for both select 3G / 4G WWAN USB dongles or by repurposing one of the LAN ports to connect to a second cable or DSL modem. If you want a little more feature detail, the RT-AC87U review has some.

ASUS RT-AC68P Network Map

ASUS RT-AC68P Network Map

Storage Performance

A key weakness of the RT-AC68U has been its inability to make full use of its USB 3.0 port. The most I've gotten is 24 MB/s, despite repeated attempts with different firmware and both enabling and disabling its Reducing USB 3.0 interference setting. So I was happy to find that the 68P seems to have solved the problem.

I tested using our standard Startech USB 3.0 eSATA to SATA Hard Drive Docking Station [SATDOCKU3SEF] with a WD Velociraptor WD3000HLFS 300 GB drive, using Windows Robocopy to run the same Windows Filecopy test that's part of our NAS test suite. Tests were run on both FAT32 and NTFS volumes with USB 2.0 and 3.0 connections and 3.0.0.4.376_3626 firmware installed on the router. I also disabled the router's media server, to ensure no automatic file indexing affected results. All tests were also run with the Reducing USB 3.0 interference setting disabled, which should enable full USB 3.0 throughput.

Table 2 summarizes USB 2.0 storage performance for the 68P, top-performing Linksys WRT1900AC and runner-up NETGEAR R7000. While there are some minor differences in the numbers, you wouldn't find any practical difference in everyday performance.

  ASUS RT-AC68P Linksys WRT1900AC NETGEAR R7000
Processor Broadcom BCM4709A Marvell MV78230 Broadcom BCM4709A
FAT32 Write (MBytes/s) 28.4 28.7 24.8
FAT32 Read (MBytes/s) 31.1 31.0 27.8
NTFS Write (MBytes/s) 29.7 30.1 27.9
NTFS Read (MBytes/s) 31.6 30.8 27.9
Table 2: File copy throughput - USB 2.0 (MBytes/sec)

To check whether newer firmware was the key to improved USB 3.0 performance, I hauled out my RT-AC68U review sample, installed the same firmware and ran a USB 3.0 connected, NTFS formatted test. So Table 3 includes both 68P and 68U results. I had to run the 68U's test a few times because I got drive disconnects at first and some unusually high results in another test run. But after I rechecked settings and reformatted the USB test drive, the 68U settled down and produced the USB 2.0-like results shown in Table 3.

The results show the Marvell-powered Linksys WRT1900AC is still the router storage performance champ. But the AC68P makes a strong showing, beating out NETGEAR's R7000 Nighthawk in all but FAT32 writes—a weakness common to both products.

  ASUS RT-AC68P ASUS RT-AC68U Linksys WRT1900AC NETGEAR R7000
Processor Broadcom BCM4709A Broadcom BCM4708A Marvell MV78230 Broadcom BCM4709A
FAT32 Write (MBytes/s) 28.4 12.9 61.1 33.4
FAT32 Read (MBytes/s) 65.0 27.8 76.5 57.4
NTFS Write (MBytes/s) 49.7 27.3 66.7 36.8
NTFS Read (MBytes/s) 70.1 28.7 75.1 57.7
Table 3: File copy throughput - USB 3.0 (MBytes/sec)

So, congratulations, ASUS. You've finally produced an AC1900 router with decent USB 3.0 connected storage performance!

Routing Performance

Routing performance for the 68P loaded with 3.0.0.4.376_3626 firmware using our standard test method is summarized in Table 4 beside the 68U's results. Tests with both NAT Acceleration / Cut Through Forwarding enabled (the default) and disabled were run.

Test Description ASUS RT-AC68P ASUS RT-AC68U ASUS RT-AC68P
(NAT Accel. off)
WAN - LAN (Mbps) 778 754 406
LAN - WAN (Mbps) 780 825 441
Total Simultaneous (Mbps) 1369 1227 446
Maximum Simultaneous Connections 37,399 33,263 -
Firmware Version 3.0.0.4.376_3626 3.0.0.4.374_205 3.0.0.4.376_3626
Table 4: Routing throughput

As observed in other products, disabling NAT acceleration significantly reduces throughput, around 45% for unidirectional tests. I asked RMerlin about the effect disabling NAT acceleration has on features and got this response:

Traditional QoS, as supported by FW 376_3626, will force NAT acceleration (CTF) to be disabled at boot time. However, the newer Adaptive QoS is compatible with CTF. Adaptive QoS is only available with FW 378_xxxx.

The LAN setting can now be set to either Disabled (meaning always disabled) or Auto (meaning disabled automatically if an incompatible feature is enabled - like Traditional QoS). This is more accurate than the old setting that let you select "Enabled", but the end-user might not realize that it was still being forced disabled by an incompatible feature being enabled.

The IxChariot composite plot for unidirectional up and downlink tests shows periodic peak throughput above 900 Mbps in both directions.

ASUS RT-AC68P routing unidirectional throughput

ASUS RT-AC68P routing unidirectional throughput

Simultaneous up/downlink throughput is pretty good at 1369 Mbps, but doesn't set a new Chart high. Upload traffic seems to get priority when both directions are fully loaded. However, this could be a quirk of our test method, since this behavior is pretty consistently seen.

ASUS RT-AC68P routing bidirectional throughput

ASUS RT-AC68P routing bidirectional throughput

Here's the unidirectional plot with NAT Acceleration disabled.

ASUS RT-AC68P routing unidirectional throughput - NAT Acceleration disabled

ASUS RT-AC68P routing unidirectional throughput - NAT Acceleration disabled

And the bidirectional plot.

ASUS RT-AC68P routing bidirectional throughput - NAT Acceleration disabled

ASUS RT-AC68P routing bidirectional throughput - NAT Boost disabled

Bottom line is there is no significant difference in routing throughput between the 68U and 68P.


Wireless Performance

Wireless performance has been retested. New results are here.

The RT-AC68U is Wi-Fi Certified, but I could not find the RT-AC68P in the Wi-Fi Alliance's new search tool. We tested using our V8 Wireless test process with 3.0.0.4.376_3626 firmware; the most current at time of test. No WPS test was run.

For throughput testing, the router was first reset to factory defaults and Channel 6 and 20 MHz B/W mode set for 2.4 GHz and Channel 153 and 80 MHz bandwidth mode for 5 GHz. A WPA2/AES connection was used for all testing.

The Benchmark Summary below shows the average of throughput measurements made in all test locations. We'll come back later and use the ranker to compare these results with other routers and skip right to the throughput profile comparison.

ASUS RT-AC68P Benchmark Summary

ASUS RT-AC68P Benchmark Summary

For throughput profile comparison, I selected the NETGEAR R7000 Nighthawk and ASUS RT-AC68U

For 2.4 GHz downlink, the 68P's throughput starts out above the other two, then joins the pack through mid-range attenuations and falls off a bit more steeply after 42 dB. This causes it to disconnect for the 63 dB test, where the other two product remained connected.

2.4 GHz Downlink Throughput vs. Attenuation

2.4 GHz Downlink Throughput vs. Attenuation

The 2.4 GHz uplink plot shows a similar pattern, starting out higher at strong signal levels (low attenuations), with throughput falling off a bit more rapidly than the other two products.

2.4 GHz Uplink Throughput vs. Attenuation

2.4 GHz Uplink Throughput vs. Attenuation

The 5 GHz downlink plot shows a much larger difference in performance among the three products, with the NETGEAR R7000 Nighthawk still coming out on top.

5 GHz Downlink Throughput vs. Attenuation

5 GHz Downlink Throughput vs. Attenuation

The same pattern is seen for 5 GHz uplink.

5 GHz Uplink Throughput vs. Attenuation

5 GHz Uplink Throughput vs. Attenuation

Closing Thoughts

The RT-AC68P tied with Linksys' EA6900 with a #4 rank among AC1900 class routers tested with the current process. This is just behind the RT-AC68U, which is tied at #3 with the Linksys WRT1900AC.

But what you really want to know is how it compares to the RT-AC68U, which you can buy anywhere, but will also run you just shy of $200.

The Router Ranker Performance Summaries for the two products are shown side by side below. The 68P actually outranks the 68U for maximum wireless throughput, mostly due to its strong 2.4 GHz results. But in pretty much every other wireless category the 68U does better.

Ranker Performance Summary - ASUS RT-AC68P / RT-AC68U

Ranker Performance Summary - ASUS RT-AC68P / RT-AC68U

All that said, the only reason you should buy an RT-AC68P vs. an RT-AC68U is for the P's significantly better USB 3.0-connected storage throughput. Since ASUS is managing to keep prices for both up near $200, you might as well go for it.

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